Buy Verb Forms – Past Tense, Past Participle & V1 V2 V3

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Buy Verb Forms – Past Tense, Past Participle & V1 V2 V3

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Buy Verb Forms – Past Tense, Past Participle & V1 V2 V3

Buy, a verb commonly encountered in English tests and everyday communication, holds significant importance in our language. As an irregular verb, Buy does not adhere to the regular conjugation rules, making it essential to understand its various forms. Let us delve into the world of Buy and explore its conjugations.

To start, the base form of Buy is Buy itself (V1). However, when referring to the past tense, we use the form Bought (V2). For instance, “Yesterday, I bought a new book.” This form signifies a completed action of purchasing in the past.

Moving on to the past participle (V3), Buy maintains the same form as its past tense: Bought. This form is utilized in perfect tenses or when expressing completed actions. For example, “I have bought a gift for my friend.”

  • Base Form (Infinitive):  Buy
  • Simple Past:         Bought
  • Past Participle:    Bought
  • Present Participle:        Buying
  • 3rd Person Singular:     Buys

Buy verb forms v1 v2 v3 past tense and past participle

“Buy” past Form

The past form of the verb “buy” is “bought.” Here’s an example sentence using the past form:

“I bought a new book yesterday from the bookstore.”

Buy past participle

The past participle of “buy” is “bought.” Here’s an example sentence using the past participle:

“I have bought a new car.”

In this sentence, “bought” is the past participle, and it is used with the auxiliary verb “have” to form the present perfect tense.


Buy verb forms V1 V2 V3 V4 V5

Infinitive Past Simple Past Participle Present Participle S/es
Buy (To Buy) Bought Bought Buying Buys

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Conjugation of Buy

Simple / Indefinite Present Tense

  • I buy fresh vegetables from the market every week.
  • You buy a lot of books online.
  • He buys a new pair of shoes every month.
  • She buys organic food from the local farm.
  • We buy groceries from the supermarket nearby.
  • They buy gifts for their friends on special occasions.
  • It buys supplies for the office regularly.
  • John and Sarah buy tickets for movies every weekend.
In these sentences, the verb “buy” is used in the present indefinite tense with different pronouns (I, you, he, she, we, they) and with the pronoun “it” and the names “John and Sarah” to indicate the ongoing action of buying in the present.

Simple / Indefinite Present Tense example
Simple / Indefinite Present Tense example

Buy verb forms v1 v2 v3

Simple Past Tense

  • ·         I bought a new phone last month.
  • ·         You bought a gift for your friend yesterday.
  • ·         He bought a vintage record player at the flea market.
  • ·         She bought a ticket to the concert last week.
  • ·         We bought a new car for our family.
  • ·         They bought a house in the countryside.
  • ·         It bought a new computer for the office.
  • ·         John and Sarah bought souvenirs during their vacation.
In these sentences, the verb “buy” is used in the past indefinite tense with different pronouns (I, you, he, she, we, they) and with the pronoun “it” and the names “John and Sarah” to indicate completed actions of buying in the past.

Simple Past Tense example
Simple Past Tense example

Buy verb forms v1 v2 v3 past tense and past participle


Simple Future Tense

  • ·         I will buy a new car next year.
  • ·         You will buy a gift for your friend tomorrow.
  • ·         He will buy a house in the near future.
  • ·         She will buy groceries on her way home from work.
  • ·         We will buy tickets for the concert next month.
  • ·         They will buy new furniture for their living room.
  • ·         It is going to buy a new laptop soon.
  • ·         John and Sarah will buy souvenirs during their trip abroad.
In these sentences, the verb “buy” is used in the future indefinite tense with different pronouns (I, you, he, she, we, they) and with the pronoun “it” and the names “John and Sarah” to indicate future actions of buying.
  • ·         You are going to buy a gift for your friend tomorrow.
  • ·         He is planning to buy a house in the near future.
  • ·         We are going to buy tickets for the concert next month.
  • ·         It is going to buy a new laptop soon.

Here is + verb+ing+to is also indicate future indefinite or simple future tense.


Buy verb forms v1 v2 v3 past tense and past participle

Present Continuous Tense

  • I am buying groceries at the supermarket right now.
  • You are buying a new laptop for your work.
  • He is buying a gift for his sister’s birthday.
  • She is buying new clothes for the upcoming event.
  • We are buying tickets for the concert this weekend.
  • They are buying supplies for the project at the office.
  • It is buying ingredients to bake a cake.
  • John and Sarah are buying souvenirs from their vacation destination.

In these sentences, the verb “buy” is used in the present continuous tense with different pronouns (I, you, he, she, we, they) and with the pronoun “it” and the names “John and Sarah” to indicate an ongoing action of buying happening in the present.


Past Continuous Tense

  • I was buying groceries when I ran into my neighbor.
  • You were buying a new phone when I saw you at the store.
  • He was buying a book at the bookstore while I was browsing.
  • She was buying clothes for her trip when she received a phone call.
  • We were buying tickets for the movie when the show started.
  • They were buying souvenirs at the gift shop when it suddenly closed.
  • It was buying supplies for the project when the delivery arrived.
  • John and Sarah were buying furniture for their new apartment when I visited them.

In these sentences, the verb “buy” is used in the past continuous tense with different pronouns (I, you, he, she, we, they) and with the pronoun “it” and the names “John and Sarah” to indicate an ongoing action of buying in the past.


Future Continuous Tense

  • I will be buying groceries at the supermarket tomorrow evening.
  • You will be buying a new car next month.
  • He will be buying a gift for his girlfriend on her birthday.
  • She will be buying new furniture for her apartment next week.
  • We will be buying supplies for the party all day long.
  • They will be buying tickets for the concert during their lunch break.
  • It will be buying materials for the construction project throughout the week.
  • John and Sarah will be buying souvenirs from their trip while exploring the local markets.

In these sentences, the verb “buy” is used in the future continuous tense with different pronouns (I, you, he, she, we, they) and with the pronoun “it” and the names “John and Sarah” to indicate an ongoing action of buying that will happen in the future.


Present Perfect Tense

  • I have bought a new phone.
  • You have bought a gift for your friend.
  • He has bought a new car.
  • She has bought a ticket for the concert.
  • We have bought a house in the suburbs.
  • They have bought groceries for the week.
  • It has bought a new computer for the office.
  • John and Sarah have bought a watch from their trip.

In these sentences, the verb “buy” is used in the present perfect tense with different pronouns (I, you, he, she, we, they) and with the pronoun “it” and the names “John and Sarah” to indicate completed actions of buying in the past with a connection to the present.


Past Perfect Tense

  • I had bought a new laptop before the old one broke.
  • You had bought a gift for your friend before the party.
  • He had bought a book that he had been wanting to read.
  • She had bought a dress for the event, but it didn’t fit.
  • We had bought groceries before the store closed.
  • They had bought a house before the housing prices skyrocketed.
  • It had bought supplies for the project before the deadline.
  • John and Sarah had bought a watch from their previous trip.

In these sentences, the verb “buy” is used in the past perfect tense with different pronouns (I, you, he, she, we, they) and with the pronoun “it” and the names “John and Sarah” to indicate completed actions of buying that occurred before another past event or point in time.


Buy verb forms v1 v2 v3 past tense and past participle

Future Perfect Tense

  • I will have bought a new car by next month.
  • You will have bought a gift for your friend before their birthday.
  • He will have bought a house by the end of the year.
  • She will have bought the tickets for the concert by tomorrow.
  • We will have bought all the necessary supplies by the time the event starts.
  • They will have bought souvenirs from their vacation before returning home.
  • It will have bought a new printer by the time the old one stops working.
  • John and Sarah will have bought furniture for their new apartment before moving in.

In these sentences, the verb “buy” is used in the future perfect tense with different pronouns (I, you, he, she, we, they) and with the pronoun “it” and the names “John and Sarah” to indicate completed actions of buying that will occur before a specific future time or event.


Present Perfect Continuous Tense

  • I have been buying groceries every week for the past few months.
  • You have been buying books online for your research project.
  • He has been buying new clothes for his upcoming vacation.
  • She has been buying organic produce from the local farmer’s market.
  • We have been buying supplies for the office renovation project.
  • They have been buying gifts for their friends’ birthdays.
  • It has been buying ingredients to experiment with new recipes.
  • John and Sarah have been buying watches during their trip around Europe.

In these sentences, the verb “buy” is used in the present perfect continuous tense with different pronouns (I, you, he, she, we, they) and with the pronoun “it” and the names “John and Sarah” to indicate ongoing actions of buying that started in the past and continue up to the present moment.


Past Perfect Continuous Tense

  • I had been buying groceries for months before I started growing my own vegetables.
  • You had been buying books online for a while before you discovered the local library.
  • He had been buying new clothes regularly, but then he decided to downsize his wardrobe.
  • She had been buying organic produce from the farmer’s market until the prices increased.
  • We had been buying supplies for the office renovation project until it got postponed.
  • They had been buying gifts for their friends’ birthdays, but they decided to switch to handmade presents.
  • It had been buying ingredients from the local bakery until it started making its own bread.
  • John and Sarah had been buying watches during their trip until they lost their luggage.

In these sentences, the verb “buy” is used in the past perfect continuous tense with different pronouns (I, you, he, she, we, they) and with the pronoun “it” and the names “John and Sarah” to indicate ongoing actions of buying that started in the past and continued up until a specific point or event in the past.


Buy verb forms v1 v2 v3 past tense and past participle

Future Perfect Continuous Tense

  • I will have been buying a car. (Here I is 1st Person)
  • He/She/It will have been buying a car. (Here he/she/it 3rd Persons)
  • You/We/They will have been buying a car. ( Here you is 2nd persons plural or singular mode, We is 1st persons plurals form, They is 3rd persons plurals form)

In these sentences, the verb “buy” is used in the future perfect continuous tense with different pronouns (I, you, he, she, we, they) and with the pronoun “it” and the names “John and Sarah” to indicate ongoing actions of buying that started in the past and continued up until a specific point or event in the past.


Note About “Future Perfect Continuous Tense” :

The future perfect continuous tense also called the future perfect progressive tense, is actually a verb tense that describes ongoing actions that will continue until a certain point in the future.

Here are eight sentences using the future perfect continuous tense with different pronouns:

  • By this time next year, I will have been working on this project for six months.
  • Will study for hours at the end of the day.
  • When he comes, she will wait for him all afternoon.
  • By next month, we will have lived in this city for five years.
  • Before the concert, they will rehearse their performance for several weeks.
  • In time, it will do this for several days.
  • On their anniversary, John and Sarah will have been married for a decade.
  • By the time the party is over, they’ll be dancing the night away.

In these sentences, the future perfect continuous tense is formed by using “will + have + been + verb’s present participle (-ing)” and is used to describe ongoing actions up to a certain point or event in the future.


To buy – Variation of “Buy” by Person

Present Tense I buy you buy he/she/it buys we buy you buy they buy
Simple Past Tense I bought you bought he/she/it bought we bought you bought they bought
Present Participle I am buying you are buying he/she/it is buying we are buying you are buying they are buying
Past Participle I/you/we/(s)he/it/they bought

In short, the different tenses of the verb “buy” show us how the verb buy is related to time. By using the correct tenses when talking about buying, we can communicate better and be more clear about our experiences, intentions and plans. Understanding these tense forms helps us express ourselves correctly in everyday conversation. So, don’t forget to choose the right tense when talking about buying something!

Buy verb forms v1 v2 v3 past tense and past participle


Buy Verbs Form – FAQ

What is the V1 V2 V3 V4 V5 of buy?

  • The V1 (base form) of “buy” is “buy.”
  • The V2 (simple past) of “buy” is “bought.”
  • The V3 (past participle) of “buy” is also “bought.”
  • The V4 (present participle/gerund) of “buy” is “buying.”
  • The V5 (simple present, third-person singular) of “buy” is “buys.”

What are some other irregular verbs in English?

There are several irregular verbs in English. Here are some examples:

Go – went – gone
Come – came – come
Eat – ate – eaten
Have – had – had
Do – did – done
See – saw – seen
Take – took – taken
Give – gave – given
Break – broke – broken
Drive – drove – driven
Write – wrote – written
Speak – spoke – spoken
Swim – swam – swum
Run – ran – run
Think – thought – thought

These are just a few examples of irregular verbs in English. It’s important to note that irregular verbs do not follow the regular pattern of adding “-ed” to form the past tense or past participle like regular verbs do. Instead, they have their own unique forms that need to be memorized.

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